Remember the 1980s worries about how the "forking" of Unix could hurt that operating system's chances for adoption? That was nothing compared to the mess we've got today with Linux, where upwards of 300 distributions vie for the attention of computer users seeking an alternative to Windows. Precisely how many distros there are is probably unknown, since anyone with a some spare time on his hands can create one. (Check out Linux from scratch, which "provides you with step-by-step instructions for building your own customized Linux system entirely from source.") Let's agree that the authoritative figure is 359, since that's the number of distros on the list maintained by DistroWatch.com. True, some distros are more distributed than others. Ubuntu, which is clearly the flavor of the month (who says publicity doesn't matter when it comes to Linux?), is out front of everything else, according to DistroWatch. OpenSUSE, PCLinuxOS, Fedora, and MEPIS round out the top five. (Since this is an enthusiast site, one must assume that Novell and Red Hat are way unrepresented, so one should add those guys into the top tier.) The existence of some number of multiple versions of Linux makes sense, on the grounds that there are different kinds of users who need different distros? But 359? DistroWatch's stats page has as apt an explanation for this phenomenon as you find anywhere: "A Linux distribution is like a religion. If you've ever tried to suggest to another person that his or her choice of a distro might not be the best, then you know what I mean." [The "I" is probably site founder Ladislav Bodnar.] Ah, so Linux is like a religion. I seem to have heard that one before. Which begs the question: Isn't one of the tenets of the Linux "religion" the belief that open source advocated are wiser than Windows users? (The other core concept is that idea that free software is somehow nobler than stuff you have to pay for.) They'd never let Linux evolve into a "giant hairball," which was the colorful way Sun Microsystems' chairman characterized Windows Here's the way that meme was framed in a 1999 post, titled "Fear of Forking": Linux won't fork because the fork-er has to do too much work for no payoff: Any worthwhile improvements he makes will be absorbed into the main branch, and his fork will be discarded/ignored as pointless. One defense-- I'm sure I'll receive comments in this regard -- is that this comment is referring to forking of the kernel rather than a multiplicity of distributions. It is indeed true that the kernel hasn't forked in any significant way, thanks to Linus Torvalds' control. It's also true that the few deviations that can fairly be called forks are very valuable, in that they are patches or shell add-ons (the latter are not really forks) to support real time and load balancing. (Real-time Linux merits is a worthy endeavor, meriting a whole, separate discussion.) So I'll grant readers that, if there's anything amiss with my argument, it's that I've dragged the "f" word into the discussion. I should've just said that there are way too many distros and left it at that. But then I wouldn't have been able to close with the thing I can't help but think, no matter how many times open-source supporters tell me that what they're offering is so much better than the OSes peddled by Microsoft. It's this: There's no other way to put it: Linux is a forking mess. Artigo d'aqui, visto via Slashdot. Eu vejo este artigo, vejo o link da DistroWatch.com, vejo também a Timeline das Distros e só me ocorre realmente uma coisa: aquela ultima frase esta cheia de razão. O GNU/Linux esta a virar uma confusão de distros, forks, fusões e derivações. É frequente ouvir-mos falar de distros novas, distros que imitam Windows, distros uber-complicadas, distros médias, distros que vem com o Compiz Fusion de origem, distros desactualizadas, distros que imitam outras distros, distros que compiam outras distros. Uma confusão de distros. Claro que há sempre distros que estão lá, e que muito dificilmente deixarão de estar. Gentoo, Slackware, Debian, Ubuntu, OpenSUSE, Fedora e outras. Mas a verdade é que existem outras 300 distros em desenvolvimento. Agora pergunto eu. Isto não faz confusão na cabeça não só de quem entra, mas também com quem já esta cá à algum tempo? Chega a altura de evoluir de um Ubuntu, e vamos para escolher, e vemos que existem 75 distros diferentes, com propósitos semelhantes. Até que ponto é isto vai chegar? Vamos viver num futuro próximo o Big Crounch das distros, e ficar-mos reduzidos a duas ou tres que sobreviveram? Vamos assistir a uma selecção natural, que apesar de já existir, se vai tornar cada vez mais apertada? Ou nada se vai alterar, e vão continuar a surgir distros novas, tudo em prol da liberdade de escolha?